This section will give you a brief overview on how you and your family can be smart and secure when online. This includes how you can protect your computer and your personal information. Also what different measures should be taken to protect your child from visiting inappropriate site
Most common online threats
1. Hackers: Are someone who try to steal information by unauthorized access to your computer or network.
2. Malicious Computer Programs
a. Virus: Refers to self replicating program on your computer which will cause undesirable affects to your computer. This program can either be received via email attachments, on floppy disk or CD, websites.
b. Worms: Like a Virus, worm is also as self replicating program. The difference between t is unlike virus ,a worm will not create a copy of itself onone computer but will propagates itself through the whole network causing undesirable affects to the computer and network
c. Trojans: Is a program that will perform undisclosed malicious act.
d. Key loggers: A program that will record (log) every stroke of your keyboard. This log is than later transferred to the owner of the key logger.
3. SPAM: Also referred as “bulk” or “Junk” email. These are unsolicited emails sent by unknown users to several users or single user. E-mail addresses are collected from chat rooms, websites, newsgroups, and viruses which harvest users' address books, and are sold to other spammers.
4. SCAM: These are mostly sent via emails or fake websites. These will have direct impact to your family’s financial loss or embarrassment
Steps you need to take to Protect from threats
1. Using your common senses you can really identify many security threats whether is online or offline.
2. Some common things “you should do” and “should not do”
i. “You should do”
a. Think before you click or download anything.
b. Keep yourself updated to ongoing scams through media.
c. Check you accounts regularly to make sure everything is going as expected
d. Make sure you change your passwords regularly.
e. Passwords are long enough with numbers and letters, and characters, if possible. Also a combination of upper case and lower case
ii. “You should not do”
a. Click on any links received by unknown sender.
b. Open your banking site by manually typing in the address and not clicking on any links
c. Do not respond to any emails asking you to update your details (especially if emails seem to be from your bank), confirm with bank about it.
d. Do not “Run” any program which you are not sure of.
3. Have Security software installed on your computer like any antivirus or antispyware.
4. To protect from hackers, use firewall. This can be done on your broadband modem, depending on its specifications.
5. To protect from spam use, email filter, this usually is part of any security program.
6. If not sure of the security of your computer, talk to any professional computer stores.
Protecting your Kids Online.
With kids you need to be smart, and make sure they are not doing something which is not right for them or your family. Some tips for you and your kids.
1. Place the computer in a public place, where you can keep an eye on their activity.
2. Have their computer’s security program up to date.
3. Help them choose their own email address.
4. Share their internet experience.
5. Install parental filters if you need to
Some tips for the Kids to stay safe online
1. Ask your parents before you giving out any personal information to any one, like your home address, your phone number, your school name etc.
2. Keep your passwords to yourselves and don’t give it to anyone
3. If you see something scary or uncomfortable, share it with your parents or an adult whom you trust.
4. If some writes upsetting language or something rude, do not respond to them anymore.
5. Before filling out any online forms, always ask for your parents’ permission.
Feel free to have a look at the links below that should give you more information on online safety